Most wild plants, inhabiting coastal areas, are ssp maritima, while the cultivated variety, also found inland on waste and arable land, is ssp vulgaris.
Main flower color:
Coastal regions of England, Wales, Ireland and southern Scotland
Up to 100 cm
Cliffs, pebble beaches, waste ground
Five thick, green tepals and five short stamens, topped by pale yellow anthers. Flowers form in a narrow, unbranched, elongated cluster, and are subtended by leafy bracts
Hairless, glossy, dark green, relatively thick, variously heart-shaped to ovate or lanceolate, along rigid, grooved stems, often red-striped. Stalked towards the base, sessile higher up the stem
June to September