All UK specimens of gladiolus communis are ssp byzantinus, a generally larger and more robust variety than the other subspecies, ssp communis.
Main flower color:
Southwest England and the Channel Islands; an introduced species, from the Mediterranean
Up to 100 cm
Waste and cultivated land, roadsides, coastal regions
Orchid-like; three broad upper lobes, forming a loose hood, and three narrower lower lobes, angled downwards, and overlapping. Each lobe is around 3 cm long, coloured rich reddish pink. Flower stalks are enclosed by two sheathing grey-purple bracts (spathes), different in length. Flowers, numbering from 10 to 20, are arranged in an elongated, alternate, unbranched cluster
Hairless, narrowly lanceolate, up to 30 cm long and 1 cm wide
June to August